The Global & European Journal of Endocrinology

The European Journal of Endocrinology releases top-tier original clinical and translational research papers and reviews in both pediatric and adult endocrinology. Additionally, it features clinical practice guidelines, position statements, and engaging debates.

What is Endocrinology

Endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicine that deals with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions known as hormones. It is also concerned with the integration of developmental events proliferation, growth, and differentiation, including the psychological or behavioral activities of metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sleep, digestion, respiration, excretion, mood, stress, lactation, movement, reproduction, and sensory perception caused by hormones.

The endocrine system consists of several glands, all in different parts of the body, that secrete hormones directly into the blood rather than into a duct system. Hormones have many different functions and modes of action; one hormone may have several effects on different target organs, and, conversely, one target organ may be affected by more than one hormone.

Endocrinologists are medical doctors who specialize in this field and are trained to diagnose and treat hormone imbalances and problems by helping to restore the normal balance of hormones in the system. They deal with a wide array of diseases, including diabetes, thyroid disorders, metabolic disorders, over or under production of hormones, menopause, osteoporosis, hypertension, cholesterol (lipid) disorders, infertility, and cancers of the endocrine glands.

Hormones, Obesity and Diabetes

The Global & European Journal of Endocrinology delves into the dynamic world of hormones and their impact on health. Amidst a global rise in obesity, a condition closely linked to an imbalance in energy and metabolism-regulating hormones, we’re seeing a corresponding increase in the incidence of diabetes — particularly Type 2 diabetes. Excess body fat can lead to a hormonal imbalance, not only disrupting the normal release of insulin but also increasing the body’s resistance to this crucial hormone.

This resistance is pivotal as it hinders the body’s ability to effectively regulate blood sugar levels, setting the stage for diabetes to develop. As a leading forum for endocrine research, the “E Journal of Endocrinology” aims to shed light on the hormonal pathways influenced by obesity and their role in the diabetes epidemic. Join our community for in-depth analysis, expert commentary, and the latest research, guiding you through the interplay of hormones, obesity, and diabetes.

Together, we’re charting the course for better understanding and management of these interconnected health issues that impact individuals and healthcare systems across the globe.

The Pillars of Endocrinology


Diabetology is the branch of medicine focused on the study, treatment, and management of diabetes mellitus. Diabetologists are physicians who specialize in diagnosing and treating patients with all types of diabetes through lifestyle modifications, medications, monitoring of blood sugar levels, and prevention/treatment of diabetes-related complications.


Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that health may be adversely affected. It is defined by body mass index and waist circumference. Obesity increases the risk of various diseases and health problems like heart disease, diabetes, Osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer. Genetics, lack of exercise, and excess calorie consumption all contribute to obesity.


Menopause is the time in a woman’s life when her period stops permanently due to lowered estrogen levels. It typically occurs between ages 45-55. During this transition, a woman’s ovaries slow and ultimately stop monthly egg production and release. Menopause is confirmed after 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period. Symptoms may include hot flashes, night sweats, mood changes and vaginal dryness.

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is the persistent inability to maintain an erection firm enough for sex. It is often caused by physical conditions like cardiovascular disease or psychological factors like stress and depression. As men age, the likelihood of ED increases due to declining testosterone levels and blood flow issues. Treatments may include oral medications, counseling, penile injections or implants.

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